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Foreigners married to a Thai national can’t own land themselves but the Land Department will allow transfer of ownership of the land to the Thai national who is married to a foreigner after a joint statement ‘letter of confirmation’ by the couple stating that the money expended on the land is personal property of the Thai spouse. This procedural requirement is based on a regulation issued by the Ministry of Interior (March 1999), which is based on the principle of section 1472 of the Civil and Commercial Code that if personal property has been exchanged for other property during the marriage (in this case land) that property becomes and remains a personal property, and not a joint marital property between husband and wife. This way the foreign spouse does not obtain ownership rights in the land based on Thai family laws, ‘property between husband and wife’. That is, as a personal property of the Thai spouse, the Thai spouse has sole management of the property (she can sell, encumber the property), and as a non-marital property the real property is not subject to an equitably division between husband and wife upon termination of marriage.
Litigation involves bringing controversies to the proper forum for the resolution of issues. While representation is not mandatory in a few cases, the assistance of a Thai counsel is indispensable in most. This holds true not only for Thai litigants, but for foreign parties most especially. Aside from assurance that all legal rights and defenses are made available to the litigant, he is likewise given a “voice” in a forum where all proceedings are conducted in a language that may be foreign to him.
The rights and duties of the employer and the employee are generally governed by the Labour Protection Act(LPA) and the Civil and Commercial Code. Generally, under Thailand employment laws an agreement between the employer and the employee cannot be less than the minimum standards or requirements set by law. The maximum probationary period permissible under Thai employment law is 120 days. All employers are required by labour law to provide at least 13 official public holidays per year, and six vacation days after one full year of service. Apart from salary, all benefits arising from employment are regarded as assessable income subject to withholding tax at a progressive rate.
According to section 93 of the Land Code Act a foreigner who acquires land as statutory heir can have an ownership in such land upon a permission of the Minister of Interior. Note that section 93 Land Code Act only refers to foreign land ownership under a treaty and not for example to foreigners inheriting land from their Thai spouse. A foreign spouse of a Thai national can inherit land but cannot register ownership of land and has to sell the land within one year from the date of acquisition. We have helped a growing number of clients find the right lawyer for their specific case in Thailand. Using a lawyer requires both trust and reliability. That is why the lawyers in our partner program undergo an admission process to ensure our network only consists of the best English-speaking lawyers in Thailand. Our extensive network of lawyers helps us find the ideal lawyers for your specific case. Read even more information on https://3lawyersthailand.com/.